Tigers life span
Tigers are one of the most elegant big cats. Many people admire them for their beautiful orange and black coats and white whiskers. Every tiger has unique and interesting color pattern on their bodies. The coloring serves to camouflage the tiger in the shadows of the long grass. Although they are amazing large cats, they became very vulnerable to extinction. Today there are just a few thousand wild tigers that roam through the savannas and forests. They are hunted for their parts and their skin and lose their natural habitat every day.
Amazing facts about tigers
Tigers can be seen living in lots of different habitats – grasslands, rainforests, swamps and savannas. However, there is only ten percent left of all tiger population that lived on earth some hundreds years ago. The main cause for their extinction is the human activity. By saving tigers people also save forests, because forests are considered vital for their health.
Tigers usually go separate ways except when they go mating. After they are finished waiting they go separate ways. Female tigers look for dens where they give birth to cubs. Giving birth usually happens sixteen weeks after mating. Tiger cubs are blind at birth and the mother tiger breastfeeds them for two months before they start going outside together with their mother. Female tigers usually give birth to three or four cubs at a time. Tigers live solitary lives. They roam very large areas and primarily search for food. They are not patrolling their range, but they mark the territory with their urine over several days or weeks to warn other tigers that that is their space of living.
Tigers are very strong animals and they used their heavy bodies to knock out their prey before biting them. Interesting fact is that tigers are very good swimmers and they can also attack and kill while swimming. They mainly eat antelopes, wild pigs, water buffalos and deer. They also attack hares, monkeys, sloth bears and pythons. Tigers usually do not attack people unless threatened or if they had been previously injured.
There are nine different sub-species of tigers, and three of them are extinct. The still present species are the Amur tiger, Bengal tiger, Sumatran tiger, Indochinese tiger, Malayan tiger, and South China tiger. Bali tiger, Caspian tiger and Java tiger are extinct.
Tigers are in the group of big Asian cats. Their weight varies, but their average weight goes up to around 300 kilos. Sumatran tiger is the smallest of all sub-species and it weighs around 150 kilos. In all tiger sub-species, male tigers are heavier than female tigers.
How long do tigers live?
When it comes to life expectancy, tigers live around 20 to 26 years in captivity. Young cubs usually do not live long, and many of them die within two years after they get born. Mortality is a big problem, so only half of those that survive live to establish their territory and further reproduce. Siberian tigers live between 10 to 15 years in the wild, but in captivity they can live up to 22 years on average.